What is information in computer with examples? (2023)



Scientifically computer contains only two things’ data and information. Data and Information are the basic concepts of computer science. In practice, computers are created and programmed to process or receive data from users or Artificial Intelligence (on their own) and then convert it into Information as per the user’s demands and expectations.

We can also say that we input the raw data into a computer to see or make it informational. Or we can say that we use computers because we want information quickly and accurately. Manually it’s difficult or we can’t go through the millions of data to find the right information that we need.

How does data become information?

Level 1:

  • Fact: It’s raining.
  • Raw Data: Today raining heavily.
  • Information: Today in this location (XYZ) raining heavily at 203mm (8 inches).

Level 2:

  • Facts: Level 1 Information (Level 1 info is the source)
  • Raw Data: It means the rainy season is starting. Last year it was the 200 around this DATE.
  • Information: For farmers: Farmers need to be prepared to get crops, For MC: Roadside drains have to be cleaned, For Agriculture Department: Notify the farmers about seeds and crops.

Level 3, Level 4, and so on.

I expect that I have explained it effectively.

What you can see is that each user who went through facts, and data will get information. Now when he/she further forward than the information it becomes raw facts or facts.

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Everyone’s use of data and information is different. Many are satisfied just with facts, many needs details. And you can see that it makes a difference in the use and decision. And the conversion of data into information is also based on someone’s thinking ability. But that’s why logic and technology come into play. Software and tools are programmed through the best logic so that each data can be measured to make further decisions.

In the journey of computer science so far, we developed such computers and software that go through millions or billions of data tables and tales, and then they show us meaningful information within a second. Read More:Top 3 basic uses of data

We create programs or software, algorithms, and bots that automatically scrap, input, index, process, and structure the data in the background (backend), and display the results on the screen.

Search engines are examples of that how in today’s time we’re getting information. We just input in the search bar through, text, voice or blank click (instant results through cookies or search history) and we see results (output) related to that input within milliseconds.

In real life, we mainly need the information to make decisions. When we found it difficult to do it through our own brains. Then we have taken the help of others whom we call advice or suggestion. That was not as accurate, available, and looked biased.

In ancient times we depended on gurus, books, teachers, and famous kings to help us to make decisions or make behalf of our knowledge, data, thinking, and mindset for us. We believed in that in the beginning but when new generations came after the years of that information, then things changed.

The information we use and process today in our brains is also going through or integrated within our kids. When they reach the level of age which we’re today then their priorities, thinking, and patterns change to make decisions.

Someone used books for decisions, others used teachers, some made it through their own experience, and some through awakening. It’s a very big topic to study and research how that information is born inside humans and how that impact happiness, success, wealth, and failure in their life.

Later new generations come and thought they need to make decisions quickly. So, they created machines such as computers to get information as quickly, and accurately. But before the Internet it was limited. But after that new generation of humans, and technologies come and we created and programmed software, tools and search engines, and now artificial intelligence to help us to make decisions.

Now we have search engines and social media which are full of advice and suggestions but controlled by a few companies and organizations. And you cannot ignore the data and facts as well that they can be biased or sell the data for money.

Algorithms and artificial intelligence programs can be biased and can only mean to increase the sales of a specific product, service, and technology. These artificial bots are programmed to fetch millions and billions of structure and unstructured data (big data) and create information to notify the users.

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But we have to learn to believe in others, not just because of the facts or data. But logically and critically not just with the facts or data. And we need to judge and analyze the information that we get through social media and search engines. We have to go through multiple resources to find the truth. And one is not final these days.

The other way to make decisions is through creativity and imagination. And do not expect that people will accept it easily.

When you do something different than facts, data and information actually that is science. And you have to prepare for results, it can be successful or failure. In both cases whether it’s processed by a computer or your own brain.

Today, we have lots of data tools and information to make decisions such as:

  • Business data analytics – To make the next product, marketing, and funding decision.
  • Website data analytics – To see the performance of content marketing, SEO, and advertising performance.
  • Ratings, Reviews and feedback of previous customers – To make buying decisions.
  • Cookies and Session variables – To personalize the user experience.
  • Browsing History – Revision
  • Likes, dislikes, and views – To see the impact of social campaigns.
  • Posts sharing details – To understand the importance of sharing the information.
  • Trust Seals – To help customers to identify the genuine company.
  • Certifications – Proof that someone has completed the course syllabus and passed.

All of these terms and business practices are used in the representation of data so that computer users or mobile users can make decisions about what to see or use and what not?

Actually, we’re at the stage where data and information are already analyzed by machines the only thing you have to do is just click on OK or YES or BUY.

The use of technology and computers in business or Information technology use in business transformed the lives of people. Humans want new experiences and businesses want to sell products and services.

These days humans are not free they are busy. They are busy consuming content that looks like information but actually, he/she do not need that at this time.

The only and biggest challenge for our new generation is to save and build their own intellectual power. It’s because even if the top 10 results are the best results on the web for certain things, you still have to choose one. That needs awareness and knowledge as well. Read More:Why is internet safety important

So new computer users have to learn and practice how to filter the information, analyze the information and think logically or critically about the notification, popups, WhatsApp messages, Facebook timelines, and top Google search results. At least before they decide to make a decision.

In simple words, many decisions are already made for you by others you only have to click on OK or FORWARD or REPLY or SUBSCRIBE or BUY or SHARE. It’s because they have the data and information about you.

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But what I suggested, even I am also using such technologies and tools. No one is outside the computer, data structure, and tables. And we even do not need to get out. Computers and Technologies are Great and helpful tools for humans if they are regulated or have certain control. It looks lack of technical ability when any IT company says that they can’t control the spam or remove the fake data. Actually, the production and distribution of fake data is also a business these days. Read more:14 most effective methods to get rid of top 10 types of Internet Scams

When you make a decision do not only use data and information but also use your creativity, imagination, and emotions as well. And manage the consumption of data and information by taking meaningful actions for the development of your family, career, business, environment, and nation.

Internet and Technologies are the same for everyone. If you can learn it you can use it but always stay with good practice and ethics.

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What is information and examples? ›

It is knowledge shared or obtained through study, instruction, investigation or news and you share it through the act of communicating, whether verbally, nonverbally, visually, or through written word. Information has different names, including intelligence, message, data, signal or fact.

What is meant by information in computer? ›

Information is stimuli that has meaning in some context for its receiver. When information is entered into and stored in a computer, it is generally referred to as data. After processing -- such as formatting and printing -- output data can again be perceived as information.

What are the 5 examples of information? ›

Five examples of information includes: transaction processing systems. decision support systems.
  • weights.
  • prices and costs.
  • numbers of items sold.
  • employee names.
  • product names.
Sep 30, 2019

What are the difference between data and information in computer? ›

The Key Differences Between Data vs Information

While data is raw and unorganized, information is organized. Data points are individual and sometimes unrelated. Information maps out that data to provide a big-picture view of how it all fits together. Data, on its own, is meaningless.

What is the best definition of information? ›

: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction. (2) : intelligence, news. (3) : facts, data.

What is the role of information in computer? ›

It provides electronic security, storage, and efficient communication. To conduct the work, Information technology needs computer applications. Computers connect IT to the different organizations of the world. It helps the employees to maintain records of their numerous clients of various companies.

What is the difference between data vs information? ›

Data are simply facts or figures — bits of information, but not information itself. When data are processed, interpreted, organized, structured or presented so as to make them meaningful or useful, they are called information. Information provides context for data.

What are the types of information in computer? ›

The main types of data that can be input into a computer and processed are numeric, text, dates, graphics and sound.

What are three differences between data and information? ›

Main Differences Between Data and Information

Data is unorganized, while information is structured or organized. Information is an uncountable noun, while data is a mass noun. Data is not typically useful on its own, but information is. Data generally includes the raw forms of numbers, statements, and characters.

How does data become information? ›

Data consists of raw facts and figures. When that data is processed into sets according to context, it provides information. Data refers to raw input that when processed or arranged makes meaningful output. Information is usually the processed outcome of data.

How does a computer use data and information? ›

Input devices accept data in a form that the computer can use; they then send the data to the processing unit. The processor, more formally known as the central processing unit (CPU), has the electronic circuitry that manipulates input data into the information people want.

What are the features of information? ›

The information must be comprehensible i.e. clear, well organised and structured, must be timelines i.e. suitable to complete related task and must be accurate to generate the expected result properly.

What is information answer in one sentence? ›

Information is an abstract concept that refers to that which has the power to inform.

What is the difference between data and information with example? ›

Data contains raw figures and facts. Information unlike data provides insights analyzed through the data collected. Information can't exist without data but data doesn't rely on the information. Data, as an input, goes through a filtration process followed by a meaningful organization to generate output or information.

What means any information? ›

Any information means that the information can be available in whatever form, can be either objective or subjective, and may contain various facts not necessarily related to someone's personal life.407 The most open part of the definition is 'relating to', which explains the connection between an individual and his ...

What are 3 examples of information technology? ›

Examples of Information Technology

Traditional computer applications that include data storage and programs to input, process, and output the data. Software and support for office automation systems such as word processing and spreadsheets, as well as the computer to run them. Users' PCs and software.

What type is information? ›

The seven types of information are factual, conceptual, procedural, emotional, behavioral, attitudinal, and motivational.

What are the three main types of information? ›

Sources of information or evidence are often categorized as primary, secondary, or tertiary material.

Why information is important? ›

Information helps in avoiding the duplication of research. Information stimulates the thought process of the users, particularly the scholars. Information helps the scientists, engineers, scholars, etc. to get well informed with the current advancements in their subjects, and to keep them up-to-date.

Which part of the computer works on information? ›

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

The CPU or central processing unit is basically like the brain of computer systems. It processes all the information on a computational level. It takes all the processes from the RAM and processes them to perform the tasks required by the computer system.

Why is information better than data? ›

Information is considered more reliable than data. It helps the researcher to conduct a proper analysis. The data collected by the researcher, may or may not be useful. Information is useful and valuable as it is readily available to the researcher for use.

How is information different from knowledge? ›

Knowledge is awareness, understanding, or skill that you get from experience or education. Information is the facts or details of a subject. They are related: knowledge is the knowing of something, and information is what you can (or can't) know.

What are sources of information in computer? ›

In computer programming, source data or data source is the primary location from where data comes. The data source is a database, a dataset, a spreadsheet or even hard-coded data.

What are the types of data and information? ›

4 Types of Data: Nominal, Ordinal, Discrete, Continuous.

What technology is used for information? ›

Information technology (IT) is the use of computer systems or devices to access information. Information technology is responsible for such a large portion of our workforce, business operations and personal access to information that it comprises much of our daily activities.

What are the basic information technology? ›

The basic concepts in information technology include information security, software development, technical support, database and data storage administration, and network management.

How do you compare data to information? ›

Data describes figures and facts. It may consist of one entry or a collection of different values. Information describes values and context together, resulting in something meaningful. It forms an organized and cohesive structure, from data, to interpret or communicate the whole.

What are the 3 main things a computer does to data or information? ›

A computer is an electronic device that manipulates information, or data. It has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data.

What are the characteristics of good information? ›

Good information is that which is used and which creates value. Experience and research shows that good information has numerous qualities. Good information is relevant for its purpose, sufficiently accurate for its purpose, complete enough for the problem, reliable and targeted to the right person.

What comes first data or information? ›

Like other hierarchy models, the Knowledge Pyramid has rigidly set building blocks – data comes first, information is next, then knowledge follows and finally wisdom is on the top.

Does information come before data? ›

Data in their simplest form consist of raw alphanumeric values. Information is created when data are processed, organized, or structured to provide context and meaning. Information is essentially processed data. Knowledge is what we know.

What are the 5 components of information? ›

Now that you know what an information system is, let's look at its components. It has five components – hardware, software, data, and telecommunications.

What are 4 characteristics of information? ›

Five characteristics of high quality information are accuracy, completeness, consistency, uniqueness, and timeliness.

What are the levels of information? ›

Information systems serve each of these levels and functions. Three main categories of information systems serve different organizational levels: operational-level systems, management-level systems, and strategic-level systems.

What is example of good information? ›

An information good is something that is valued for the information it contains rather than the material of which it is made. A common example of an information good is a book. The paper and glue that makes up the material part of the book is not what generates the price of the good.

What is information and Communication example? ›

Examples are: software applications and operating systems; web-based information and applications such as distance learning; telephones and other telecommunications products; video equipment and multimedia products that may be distributed on videotapes, CDs, DVDs, email, or the World Wide Web; office products such as ...

What is the difference between data and information? ›

Data is an individual unit that contains raw materials which do not carry any specific meaning. Information is a group of data that collectively carries a logical meaning. Data doesn't depend on information.

What is information in communication system? ›

Information is the source of a communication system, whether it is analog or digital. Information theory is a mathematical approach to the study of coding of information along with the quantification, storage, and communication of information.


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